Johanna Francina Esterhuizen, 1774

Name
Johanna Francina /Esterhuizen/
Given names
Johanna Francina
Surname
Esterhuizen
Name
Johanna Francina /Cloete/
Type
married name
Baptism March 11, 1774 46 (aged 0 days)

Citation details: Esterhuizen, p235, b2c1d13.
Historical Event
Americans declare independece
July 1776 (aged 2 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_(1776%E2%80%9389))
War
Britain declares war on the Netherlands
December 20, 1780 (aged 6 years)

Note: French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English. Source: [Wikipedia](https:/…

French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Colonisation
1780 (aged 5 years)

Note: The Fish River is made the eastern boundary of the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikip…

The Fish River is made the eastern boundary of the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

War
French troops depart the Cape
1784 (aged 9 years)

Note: Consequence of signing the [Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783)](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Pa…

Consequence of signing the Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783). Source: Wikipedia

MarriageGerrit CloeteView this family
December 6, 1789 (aged 15 years)

Citation details: Cloete, p589, b2c1d4e4f1.
Citation details: Death notice: Hermanus Christoffel CLOETE (1875), MOOC 6/9/153 #2195/1875, (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ6-GQSN-7?cc=2517051&wc=WV44-SZT%3A1598082382 : 28 September 2018), 007844947 > image 1308 of 2203; Pietermaritzburg Archives (Formerly Natal State Archives), South Africa : accessed 3 Nov 2018
Text:

Names of parents of the deceased: Gert Cloete and Anna Maria Esterhuyzen

Quality of data: secondary evidence
Citation details: Esterhuizen, p235, b2c1d13.
War
French Revolution
from 1789 to 1799 (aged 24 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution)
Historical Event
Dutch East India Company goes bankrupt
1795 (aged 20 years)

Note: The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of t…

The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of the Dutch East India Company and established an independent government at Graaff Reinet. 18 June - Swellendam follows Graaff Reinet and declares a republic under Hermanus Steyn. The Netherlands is invaded by the French under the leadership of Napoléon Bonaparte. A republic is declared by Dutch revolutionaires and the Prince of Orange flees to England. 16 September – British forces under General Sir James Henry Craig seizes the Cape Colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange. The republics of Graaff Reinet and Swellendam reject the British and the British army is sent in. The start of free trade was announced. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
The Cape becomes a British Colony
March 5, 1797 (aged 22 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1790s_in_South_Africa)
Death of a daughterAnna Maria Cloete
before 1799 (aged 24 years) Age: Infant

Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g2.
Text:

jonk †

Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g7.
Note: Before her sister's birth (g7), inferred from naming convention
War
Napoleonic Wars
from May 18, 1803 to November 20, 1815 (aged 41 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Wars)
Natural disaster
Drought
1809 (aged 34 years)

Note: A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org…

A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: Wikipedia

Town founded
The settlement of Grahamstown is founded
1812 (aged 37 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1812_in_South_Africa)
Town founded
Cradock is founded
August 27, 1818 (aged 44 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1818_in_South_Africa)
Marriage of a childHermanus Christoffel CloeteHuybrechtje Catharina CloeteView this family
November 5, 1820 (aged 46 years)
Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g8.
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f16.
Citation details: p128, no 59.
Text:

1820, 5 November Herculis Christoffel Cloete van Cabo de Goede Hoop, jongman Burger te Graaffrenet met Catharina Cloete van Tulbagh, jonge dogter

Historical Event
British settlers
1820 (aged 45 years)

Note: 17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the *Nautilus* and the *Cha…

17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapman. 1 May - The Albury reaches Cape Town bringing settlers to Albany, South Africa. They arrive in Algoa Bay on 15 May. 2 May - La Belle Alliance reached Cape Town. She brought British settlers to Algoa Bay. 4000 British settlers started arriving in Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), they settled in Grahamstown and along the frontier. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
British sterling adopted
1825 (aged 50 years)

Note: Rix dollar (Dutch: *Rijsksdaalder*) is converted into the British sterling. Source: [Wikipedia](http…

Rix dollar (Dutch: Rijsksdaalder) is converted into the British sterling. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Great trek
1835 (aged 60 years)

Note: *Voortrekkers* start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1835…

Voortrekkers start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

Town founded
Settlement of Victoria West is established
1844 (aged 69 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1844_in_South_Africa)
Death of a sonGerrit Jacobus Cloete
May 31, 1850 (aged 76 years) Age: 56 years 5 months 22 days
Citation details: b1c1d4e4f1g4, http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 7 Mar 2017
Citation details: Death notice: Gert Jacobus CLOETE (1850), MOOC 6/9/51 #289, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQX-MS2Z-G?mode=g&i=2246&cat=331262 image 2247/2283 : accessed 10 Mar 2017
Quality of data: primary evidence
Death of a sonFrans Cornelis Jacobus Cloete
April 6, 1853 (aged 79 years) Age: 57 years 8 months 20 days
Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g5.
Citation details: Death notice: Frans Cornelis Jacobus CLOETE (1853), https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99LW-P7DM?i=455&cat=195564 image 456/694 : accessed 11 Mar 2017
Quality of data: primary evidence
Epidemic
Influenza
from 1857 to 1859 (aged 84 years)

Note: In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: [Wikipedia](htt…

In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: Wikipedia

War
American Civil War
from April 1861 to May 1865 (aged 91 years)

Note: In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues includin…

In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including state's right versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War. Source: Wikipedia

War
First Boer War
from December 20, 1880 to March 23, 1881 (aged 107 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Boer_War)
Historical Event
South African Republic
from 1852 to 1902 (aged 127 years)

Note: The South African Republic (Dutch: *Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek*, ZAR), often referred to as the Tra…

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Orange Free State
from 1854 to 1902 (aged 127 years)

Note: The Orange Free State (Dutch: *Oranje-Vrijstaat*, Afrikaans: *Oranje-Vrystaat*) was an independent *…

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Economic depression
1865 (aged 90 years)
Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1865_in_South_Africa)
Economic Event
Diamonds discovered
1867 (aged 92 years)
Note: The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250…

The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250 g), and was found by Erasmus Jacobs near Hopetown on the Orange River in 1867. The diamond, cut to a 10.73-carat (2.146 g) cushion-shaped brilliant, is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley. The discovery of diamonds in South Africa led to the Kimberley Diamond Rush, and marked the beginning of the Mineral Revolution. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
September 1873 (aged 99 years)
Note: Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilgrim%27s_…

Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a sonHermanus Christoffel Cloete
September 18, 1875 (aged 101 years) Age: 74 years 6 months 9 days
Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g8.
Citation details: Death notice: Hermanus Christoffel CLOETE (1875), MOOC 6/9/153 #2195/1875, (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ6-GQSN-7?cc=2517051&wc=WV44-SZT%3A1598082382 : 28 September 2018), 007844947 > image 1308 of 2203; Pietermaritzburg Archives (Formerly Natal State Archives), South Africa : accessed 3 Nov 2018
Economic Event
Gold discovered
1881 (aged 106 years)
Note: In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamest…

In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamestown. However due to the location (the hot lowveld region was rife with malaria) no-one wanted to go there until Auguste Roberts (French Bob) discovered gold in Concession Creek in 20 June 1883. This discovery resulted in a gold rush to the area. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1886 (aged 111 years)
Note: Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precur…

Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's farm Langlaagte, Portion C, in 1886, the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the subsequent rapid development of the gold field there, the biggest of them all. Source: Wikipedia