Geertruyd Bronkhorst,

Name
Geertruyd /Bronkhorst/
Given names
Geertruyd
Surname
Bronkhorst
Name
Geertruyd /van Lier/
Type
married name
MarriageJan Joost van LierView this family
Yes

Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/cloet_mn.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4
Historical Event
Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape
March 12, 1488
Note: Bartolomeu Dias (or Bartholomew Dias) a Portuguese navigator sailed south along the coast of Souther…

Bartolomeu Dias (or Bartholomew Dias) a Portuguese navigator sailed south along the coast of Southern Africa as far as the Orange River, was blown out to sea and made landfall at Mossel Bay and Algoa Bay. He erects the first padrão (stone cross) on the South African coast. At the Fish River his men refused to go any further. He returns sailing round the Cape of Good Hope, named by either Dias or his patron, King John II of Portugal for the “great hope it gave of discovering the Indies”. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape
from 1497 to 1499

Note: Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape on the way to India. A Portuguese navigator, he sighted land at St. He…

Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape on the way to India. A Portuguese navigator, he sighted land at St. Helena Bay, doubled the Cape, passed up the coast of Natal at Christmas time and named it Natal, and reached Arab Mozambique. He had discovered a route to India. His patron was the successor to John II, Manuel the Fortunate. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Antonio de Saldanha lands at Table Bay
1503

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Saldanha)
Historical Event
Francis Drake rounds the Cape
July 18, 1580

Note: An English admiral, Sir Francis Drake, rounded the Cape on his voyage round the world. He called it…

An English admiral, Sir Francis Drake, rounded the Cape on his voyage round the world. He called it “a most stately thing and the fairest cape we saw in the whole circumference of the earth”. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Dutch East India Company established
March 20, 1602

Note: The *Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie* (VOC) or better known as the Dutch East India Company is es…

The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) or better known as the Dutch East India Company is established in the Netherlands. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape
April 6, 1652

Note: Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape in the *Drommedaris* and sets up a supply station and fortifica…

Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape in the Drommedaris and sets up a supply station and fortifications for the Dutch East India Company. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
First Freeburghers (*Vrijburgers*)
1657
Note: The first nine men received grants of land along the Liesbeeck River (now *Rondebosch*). Source: [SA…

The first nine men received grants of land along the Liesbeeck River (now Rondebosch). Source: SA Timeline

Historical Event
Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape
May 7, 1662

Note: Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape on promotion to a position on the Council of Justice in Batavia. So…

Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape on promotion to a position on the Council of Justice in Batavia. Source: Wikipedia

Church founded
First Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded
August 18, 1665

Note: J. van Arkel is appointed the first minister. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/166…

J. van Arkel is appointed the first minister. Source: Wikipedia

Town founded
Stellenbosch is founded
November 6, 1679
Note: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1660s_in_South_Africa)
Historical Event
French Huguenots
April 1688

Note: French Huguenot refugees arrive after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Simon van der Stel, the…

French Huguenot refugees arrive after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Simon van der Stel, the Governor of the Cape Colony settles the Huguenot refugees in the present day Drakenstein, Franschhoek and Wellington areas which were beyond the Cape Colony and belonged to the Khoikhoi people. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Smallpox
March 16, 1713

Note: Smallpox epidemic breaks out at the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1…

Smallpox epidemic breaks out at the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Census
1754

Note: A population count in the Cape shows that there were 5,510 Europeans and 6,279 slaves in the Cape Co…

A population count in the Cape shows that there were 5,510 Europeans and 6,279 slaves in the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Smallpox
May 1, 1755

Note: Smallpox epidemic breaks out at Cape Colony. A total of 2,372 people die. Source: [Wikipedia](https:…

Smallpox epidemic breaks out at Cape Colony. A total of 2,372 people die. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Americans declare independece
July 1776

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United_States_(1776%E2%80%9389))
War
Britain declares war on the Netherlands
December 20, 1780

Note: French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English. Source: [Wikipedia](https:/…

French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Colonisation
1780

Note: The Fish River is made the eastern boundary of the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikip…

The Fish River is made the eastern boundary of the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

War
French troops depart the Cape
1784

Note: Consequence of signing the [Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783)](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Pa…

Consequence of signing the Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783). Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Dutch East India Company goes bankrupt
1795

Note: The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of t…

The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of the Dutch East India Company and established an independent government at Graaff Reinet. 18 June - Swellendam follows Graaff Reinet and declares a republic under Hermanus Steyn. The Netherlands is invaded by the French under the leadership of Napoléon Bonaparte. A republic is declared by Dutch revolutionaires and the Prince of Orange flees to England. 16 September – British forces under General Sir James Henry Craig seizes the Cape Colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange. The republics of Graaff Reinet and Swellendam reject the British and the British army is sent in. The start of free trade was announced. Source: Wikipedia

Marriage of a childJacob CloeteGerbrechtje Adriana LierView this family
November 13, 1796

Citation details: Cloete, p589, b2c1d4e4.
Historical Event
The Cape becomes a British Colony
March 5, 1797

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1790s_in_South_Africa)
Baptism of a granddaughterGeertruy Cloete
December 22, 1797

Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f15.
War
French Revolution
from 1789 to 1799

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution)
Birth of a granddaughterHuybrechtje Catharina Cloete
June 15, 1801

Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f16.
Baptism of a granddaughterHuybrechtje Catharina Cloete
January 23, 1802
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f16.
Birth of a grandsonJacob Jacobus Cloete
June 5, 1805

Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f17.
Baptism of a grandsonJacob Jacobus Cloete
November 23, 1806
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f17.
Birth of a grandsonJan Johannes Jasper Cloete
January 13, 1809
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f18.
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f18
Baptism of a grandsonJan Johannes Jasper Cloete
September 17, 1809
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f18.
Natural disaster
Drought
1809

Note: A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org…

A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: Wikipedia

Birth of a grandsonJasper Cloete
July 19, 1812
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f19.
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f19
Text:

f19 Jasper, *19.7. 1812 (Karroo)

Citation details: Death notice: Jasper CLOETE (1854), MOOC 6/9/65 #2441, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQF-C9BP-1?mode=g&i=345&cat=331262 image 346/2120 : accessed 11 Mar 2017
Quality of data: secondary evidence
Baptism of a grandsonJasper Cloete
August 30, 1812
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f19.
War
Napoleonic Wars
from May 18, 1803 to November 20, 1815

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Wars)
Town founded
The settlement of Grahamstown is founded
1812

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1812_in_South_Africa)
Town founded
Cradock is founded
August 27, 1818

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1818_in_South_Africa)
Marriage of a granddaughterHermanus Christoffel CloeteHuybrechtje Catharina CloeteView this family
November 5, 1820
Citation details: Cloete, p590, b2c1d4e4f1g8.
Citation details: Cloete, p591, b2c1d4e8f16.
Citation details: p128, no 59.
Text:

1820, 5 November Herculis Christoffel Cloete van Cabo de Goede Hoop, jongman Burger te Graaffrenet met Catharina Cloete van Tulbagh, jonge dogter

Historical Event
British settlers
1820

Note: 17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the *Nautilus* and the *Cha…

17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapman. 1 May - The Albury reaches Cape Town bringing settlers to Albany, South Africa. They arrive in Algoa Bay on 15 May. 2 May - La Belle Alliance reached Cape Town. She brought British settlers to Algoa Bay. 4000 British settlers started arriving in Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), they settled in Grahamstown and along the frontier. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
British sterling adopted
1825

Note: Rix dollar (Dutch: *Rijsksdaalder*) is converted into the British sterling. Source: [Wikipedia](http…

Rix dollar (Dutch: Rijsksdaalder) is converted into the British sterling. Source: Wikipedia

Marriage of a granddaughterJan Johannes Jasper CloeteEngela Maria Cornelia RoetsView this family
February 3, 1833
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f18
Text:

x (Graaff-Reinet) 3.2.1833 Engela Maria Cornelia Roets, *11.12.1816 † 11.3.1873 (Karbee, Victoria Wes)[(50.2) KAB 9208], dv Johannes Jurgen Roets & Catharina Elizabeth Mulder

Citation details: Death notice: Elizabeth Catharina Francina CLOETE (1865), MOOC 6/9/122 #4189/1868, (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQF-MS3M-V?cc=2517051&wc=WV44-SZK%3A1598082376 : 12 September 2017), 007844943 > image 1417 of 2192; Pietermaritzburg Archives (Formerly Natal State Archives), South Africa : accessed 3 Nov 2018
Historical Event
Great trek
1835

Note: *Voortrekkers* start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1835…

Voortrekkers start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

Marriage of a granddaughterJasper CloeteMagdalena Maria Elizabeth JansenView this family
December 25, 1837
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm b1c1d4e4f19. : accessed 20 Mar 2017
Citation details: Marriage: Jasper CLOETE and Magdalena Maria Elizabeth JANSE (1837), https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKD-3S5X-D?i=222&cat=244034 : accessed 9 Aug 2019
Town founded
Settlement of Victoria West is established
1844

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1844_in_South_Africa)
Death of a grandsonJasper Cloete
February 16, 1854
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f19
Text:

† 16.2.1854 (Rietfontein, Nieuweveld)[(42) KAB 2441/54]

Citation details: Death notice: Jasper CLOETE (1854), MOOC 6/9/65 #2441, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQF-C9BP-1?mode=g&i=345&cat=331262 image 346/2120 : accessed 11 Mar 2017
Quality of data: primary evidence
Epidemic
Influenza
from 1857 to 1859

Note: In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: [Wikipedia](htt…

In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: Wikipedia

War
American Civil War
from April 1861 to May 1865

Note: In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues includin…

In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including state's right versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Diamonds discovered
1867
Note: The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250…

The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250 g), and was found by Erasmus Jacobs near Hopetown on the Orange River in 1867. The diamond, cut to a 10.73-carat (2.146 g) cushion-shaped brilliant, is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley. The discovery of diamonds in South Africa led to the Kimberley Diamond Rush, and marked the beginning of the Mineral Revolution. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a grandsonJan Johannes Jasper Cloete
March 10, 1873
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f18
Text:

† 10.3.1873 (Karbee, Victoria Wes)[(63.2) KAB 9207/73]

Historical Event
South African Republic
from 1852 to 1902

Note: The South African Republic (Dutch: *Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek*, ZAR), often referred to as the Tra…

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Orange Free State
from 1854 to 1902

Note: The Orange Free State (Dutch: *Oranje-Vrijstaat*, Afrikaans: *Oranje-Vrystaat*) was an independent *…

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Economic depression
1865
Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1865_in_South_Africa)
Economic Event
Gold discovered
September 1873
Note: Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilgrim%27s_…

Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a granddaughterHuybrechtje Catharina Cloete
December 26, 1879
Citation details: http://incolor.inetnebr.com/strydom/geslagsregisters/cloete/114_e4.htm : accessed 18 Feb 2017 b1c1d4e4f16
War
First Boer War
from December 20, 1880 to March 23, 1881

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Boer_War)
Economic Event
Gold discovered
1881
Note: In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamest…

In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamestown. However due to the location (the hot lowveld region was rife with malaria) no-one wanted to go there until Auguste Roberts (French Bob) discovered gold in Concession Creek in 20 June 1883. This discovery resulted in a gold rush to the area. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1886
Note: Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precur…

Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's farm Langlaagte, Portion C, in 1886, the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the subsequent rapid development of the gold field there, the biggest of them all. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Bubonic plague
February 1, 1901

Note: Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1901_in_So…

Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town. Source: Wikipedia

War
Second Boer War
from October 11, 1899 to May 31, 1902

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Boer_War)
Epidemic
Pneumonic plague
February 1904

Note: Pneumonic plague breaks out in Johannesburg. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1904_…

Pneumonic plague breaks out in Johannesburg. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Tuberculosis
1906

Note: Tuberculosis reaches epidemic proportions in South Africa. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.…

Tuberculosis reaches epidemic proportions in South Africa. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Union of South Africa
May 31, 1910

Note: Union of South Africa established. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_of_South_…

Union of South Africa established. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Smallpox
1912

Note: Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cas…

Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cases of smallpox are discovered in Durban. Source: Wikipedia

War
World War I
from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I)
Epidemic
Spanish flu
1918

Note: An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit…

An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit country in the world. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Wall Street Crash
October 1929

Note: The Wall Street Crash sets off the Great Depression, the most severe worldwide economic depression i…

The Wall Street Crash sets off the Great Depression, the most severe worldwide economic depression in the 20th century. Source: Wikipedia

War
World War II
from September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II)
Economic Event
Rand adopted
February 14, 1961
Note: Decimalisation of currency replaces the South African pound with the South African rand. Source: [Wi…

Decimalisation of currency replaces the South African pound with the South African rand. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Republic of South Africa
May 31, 1961

Note: South Africa becomes a republic. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1961_in_South_Afr…

South Africa becomes a republic. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Nelson Mandela released from prison
February 11, 1990

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1990_in_South_Africa)
Historical Event
First General Elections
April 27, 1994
Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_general_election,_1994)