Engela Dorothea Maria Pretorius, 1800

Name
Engela Dorothea Maria /Pretorius/
Given names
Engela Dorothea Maria
Surname
Pretorius
Name
Engela Dorothea Maria /van Niekerk/
Type
married name
Birth March 26, 1800 25 21

Citation details: Pretorius, p431, b5c3d6e1f4.
War
Napoleonic Wars
from May 18, 1803 to November 20, 1815 (aged 15 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Wars)
Natural disaster
Drought
1809 (aged 8 years)

Note: A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org…

A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region. Source: Wikipedia

Town founded
The settlement of Grahamstown is founded
1812 (aged 11 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1812_in_South_Africa)
MarriageChristiaan van NiekerkView this family
January 9, 1815 (aged 14 years)
Citation details: van Niekerk, p263, b6c4d5.
Citation details: Pretorius, p431, b5c3d6e1f4.
Citation details: Marriage: Christiaan VAN NIEUWKERK and Engela Dorothea Maria PRETORIUS (1815), https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSV8-QDRJ?i=77&cat=959223 : accessed 3 Feb 2019
Town founded
Cradock is founded
August 27, 1818 (aged 18 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1818_in_South_Africa)
Historical Event
British settlers
1820 (aged 19 years)

Note: 17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the *Nautilus* and the *Cha…

17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapman. 1 May - The Albury reaches Cape Town bringing settlers to Albany, South Africa. They arrive in Algoa Bay on 15 May. 2 May - La Belle Alliance reached Cape Town. She brought British settlers to Algoa Bay. 4000 British settlers started arriving in Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), they settled in Grahamstown and along the frontier. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a paternal grandmotherEngela Smit
1822 (aged 21 years)
Citation details: Pretorius, p428, b5c3d6.
Economic Event
British sterling adopted
1825 (aged 24 years)

Note: Rix dollar (Dutch: *Rijsksdaalder*) is converted into the British sterling. Source: [Wikipedia](http…

Rix dollar (Dutch: Rijsksdaalder) is converted into the British sterling. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a maternal grandfatherMarthinus Wessel Pretorius
September 29, 1831 (aged 31 years)
Citation details: Pretorius, p373, b3c1d5.
Citation details: Viljoen, p303, b3c4d2e5.
Historical Event
Great trek
1835 (aged 34 years)

Note: *Voortrekkers* start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1835…

Voortrekkers start leaving the Cape Colony. Source: Wikipedia

Death of a paternal grandfatherWillem Pretorius
December 8, 1836 (aged 36 years)
Citation details: Pretorius, p428, b5c3d6.
Death of a fatherJohannes Lodewikus Pretorius
December 14, 1838 (aged 38 years)
Citation details: Pretorius, p429, b5c3d6e1.
Town founded
Settlement of Victoria West is established
1844 (aged 43 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1844_in_South_Africa)
Death of a motherAnna Johanna Pretorius
October 9, 1850 (aged 50 years)
Citation details: Pretorius, p429, b5c3d6e1.
Epidemic
Influenza
from 1857 to 1859 (aged 58 years)

Note: In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: [Wikipedia](htt…

In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza. Source: Wikipedia

War
American Civil War
from April 1861 to May 1865 (aged 65 years)

Note: In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues includin…

In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including state's right versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War. Source: Wikipedia

War
First Boer War
from December 20, 1880 to March 23, 1881 (aged 80 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Boer_War)
Epidemic
Bubonic plague
February 1, 1901 (aged 100 years)

Note: Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1901_in_So…

Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town. Source: Wikipedia

War
Second Boer War
from October 11, 1899 to May 31, 1902 (aged 102 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Boer_War)
Historical Event
South African Republic
from 1852 to 1902 (aged 101 years)

Note: The South African Republic (Dutch: *Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek*, ZAR), often referred to as the Tra…

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Orange Free State
from 1854 to 1902 (aged 101 years)

Note: The Orange Free State (Dutch: *Oranje-Vrijstaat*, Afrikaans: *Oranje-Vrystaat*) was an independent *…

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Economic depression
1865 (aged 64 years)
Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1865_in_South_Africa)
Economic Event
Diamonds discovered
1867 (aged 66 years)
Note: The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250…

The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250 g), and was found by Erasmus Jacobs near Hopetown on the Orange River in 1867. The diamond, cut to a 10.73-carat (2.146 g) cushion-shaped brilliant, is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley. The discovery of diamonds in South Africa led to the Kimberley Diamond Rush, and marked the beginning of the Mineral Revolution. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
September 1873 (aged 73 years)
Note: Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilgrim%27s_…

Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1881 (aged 80 years)
Note: In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamest…

In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamestown. However due to the location (the hot lowveld region was rife with malaria) no-one wanted to go there until Auguste Roberts (French Bob) discovered gold in Concession Creek in 20 June 1883. This discovery resulted in a gold rush to the area. Source: Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1886 (aged 85 years)
Note: Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precur…

Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's farm Langlaagte, Portion C, in 1886, the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the subsequent rapid development of the gold field there, the biggest of them all. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Pneumonic plague
February 1904 (aged 103 years)

Note: Pneumonic plague breaks out in Johannesburg. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1904_…

Pneumonic plague breaks out in Johannesburg. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Tuberculosis
1906 (aged 105 years)

Note: Tuberculosis reaches epidemic proportions in South Africa. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.…

Tuberculosis reaches epidemic proportions in South Africa. Source: Wikipedia

Historical Event
Union of South Africa
May 31, 1910 (aged 110 years)

Note: Union of South Africa established. Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_of_South_…

Union of South Africa established. Source: Wikipedia

Epidemic
Smallpox
1912 (aged 111 years)

Note: Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cas…

Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cases of smallpox are discovered in Durban. Source: Wikipedia

War
World War I
from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918 (aged 118 years)

Note: Source: [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I)
Epidemic
Spanish flu
1918 (aged 117 years)

Note: An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit…

An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit country in the world. Source: Wikipedia