Anna Maria de Bruyn, –
French troops depart the Cape1784
Consequence of signing the Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783).
French Revolutionfrom 1789 to 1799
Dutch East India Company goes bankrupt1795
Note: The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of t…
The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of the Dutch East India Company and established an independent government at Graaff Reinet. 18 June - Swellendam follows Graaff Reinet and declares a republic under Hermanus Steyn. The Netherlands is invaded by the French under the leadership of Napoléon Bonaparte. A republic is declared by Dutch revolutionaires and the Prince of Orange flees to England. 16 September – British forces under General Sir James Henry Craig seizes the Cape Colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange. The republics of Graaff Reinet and Swellendam reject the British and the British army is sent in. The start of free trade was announced.
The Cape becomes a British ColonyMarch 5, 1797
Note: A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region.
The settlement of Grahamstown is founded1812
|Marriage||Andries Jacobus Krugel — View this family|
July 4, 1814
Citation details: Krugel, p481, a2b4c2d9.
Napoleonic Warsfrom May 18, 1803 to November 20, 1815
Cradock is foundedAugust 27, 1818
Note: 17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapma…
17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapman. 1 May - The Albury reaches Cape Town bringing settlers to Albany, South Africa. They arrive in Algoa Bay on 15 May. 2 May - La Belle Alliance reached Cape Town. She brought British settlers to Algoa Bay. 4000 British settlers started arriving in Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), they settled in Grahamstown and along the frontier.
British sterling adopted1825
Note: Rix dollar (Dutch: Rijsksdaalder) is converted into the British sterling.
Note: Voortrekkers start leaving the Cape Colony.
Settlement of Victoria West is established1844
Influenzafrom 1857 to 1859
Note: In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza.
American Civil Warfrom April 1861 to May 1865
Note: In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues includin…
In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including state's right versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War.
Second Boer Warfrom October 11, 1899 to May 31, 1902
South African Republicfrom 1852 to 1902
Note: The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Trans…
The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.
Orange Free Statefrom 1854 to 1902
Note: The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer…
The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province.
Note: The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250…
The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250 g), and was found by Erasmus Jacobs near Hopetown on the Orange River in 1867. The diamond, cut to a 10.73-carat (2.146 g) cushion-shaped brilliant, is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley. The discovery of diamonds in South Africa led to the Kimberley Diamond Rush, and marked the beginning of the Mineral Revolution.
Gold discoveredSeptember 1873
Note: Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field.
First Boer Warfrom December 20, 1880 to March 23, 1881
Note: In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamest…
In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamestown. However due to the location (the hot lowveld region was rife with malaria) no-one wanted to go there until Auguste Roberts (French Bob) discovered gold in Concession Creek in 20 June 1883. This discovery resulted in a gold rush to the area.
Note: Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precur…
Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's farm Langlaagte, Portion C, in 1886, the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the subsequent rapid development of the gold field there, the biggest of them all.
Bubonic plagueFebruary 1, 1901
Note: Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town.