Catherine L’Hermite,

Name
Catherine /L’Hermite/
Given names
Catherine
Surname
L’Hermite
Name
Catherine /Mouton/
Type
married name
MarriageJacques MoutonView this family
Yes

Citation details: Mouton, p703, a1.
Historical Event
Bartolomeu Dias rounds the Cape
March 12, 1488
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Bartolomeu Dias (or Bartholomew Dias) a Portuguese navigator sailed south along the coast of Souther…

Bartolomeu Dias (or Bartholomew Dias) a Portuguese navigator sailed south along the coast of Southern Africa as far as the Orange River, was blown out to sea and made landfall at Mossel Bay and Algoa Bay. He erects the first padrão (stone cross) on the South African coast. At the Fish River his men refused to go any further. He returns sailing round the Cape of Good Hope, named by either Dias or his patron, King John II of Portugal for the “great hope it gave of discovering the Indies”.

Historical Event
Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape
from 1497 to 1499

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape on the way to India. A Portuguese navigator, he sighted land at St. He…

Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape on the way to India. A Portuguese navigator, he sighted land at St. Helena Bay, doubled the Cape, passed up the coast of Natal at Christmas time and named it Natal, and reached Arab Mozambique. He had discovered a route to India. His patron was the successor to John II, Manuel the Fortunate.

Historical Event
Antonio de Saldanha lands at Table Bay
1503

Source:

Wikipedia

Historical Event
Francis Drake rounds the Cape
July 18, 1580

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: An English admiral, Sir Francis Drake, rounded the Cape on his voyage round the world. He called it…

An English admiral, Sir Francis Drake, rounded the Cape on his voyage round the world. He called it “a most stately thing and the fairest cape we saw in the whole circumference of the earth”.

Historical Event
Dutch East India Company established
March 20, 1602

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) or better known as the Dutch East India Company is esta…

The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) or better known as the Dutch East India Company is established in the Netherlands.

Historical Event
Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape
April 6, 1652

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape in the Drommedaris and sets up a supply station and fortificati…

Jan van Riebeeck arrives at the Cape in the Drommedaris and sets up a supply station and fortifications for the Dutch East India Company.

Historical Event
First Freeburghers (*Vrijburgers*)
1657
Source:

SA Timeline

Note: The first nine men received grants of land along the Liesbeeck River (now Rondebosch).
Historical Event
Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape
May 7, 1662

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Jan van Riebeeck leaves the Cape on promotion to a position on the Council of Justice in Batavia.
Church founded
First Dutch Reformed Church congregation founded
August 18, 1665

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: J. van Arkel is appointed the first minister.
Town founded
Stellenbosch is founded
November 6, 1679
Note: Wikipedia
Historical Event
French Huguenots
April 1688

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: French Huguenot refugees arrive after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Simon van der Stel, the…

French Huguenot refugees arrive after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Simon van der Stel, the Governor of the Cape Colony settles the Huguenot refugees in the present day Drakenstein, Franschhoek and Wellington areas which were beyond the Cape Colony and belonged to the Khoikhoi people.

Epidemic
Smallpox
March 16, 1713

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Smallpox epidemic breaks out at the Cape Colony.
Death of a husbandJacques Mouton
1731

Citation details: Mouton, p703, a1.
Historical Event
Census
1754

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: A population count in the Cape shows that there were 5,510 Europeans and 6,279 slaves in the Cape Co…

A population count in the Cape shows that there were 5,510 Europeans and 6,279 slaves in the Cape Colony.

Epidemic
Smallpox
May 1, 1755

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Smallpox epidemic breaks out at Cape Colony. A total of 2,372 people die.
War
Britain declares war on the Netherlands
December 20, 1780

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: French troops arrive at the Cape Colony to guard it against the English.
Historical Event
Colonisation
1780

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Fish River is made the eastern boundary of the Cape Colony.
War
French troops depart the Cape
1784

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Consequence of signing the Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783).

Consequence of signing the Treaty of Paris (3 Sep 1783).

War
French Revolution
from 1789 to 1799

Source:

Wikipedia

Historical Event
Dutch East India Company goes bankrupt
1795

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of t…

The Dutch East India Company is in financial ruins. 29 January – Farmers expelled the officials of the Dutch East India Company and established an independent government at Graaff Reinet. 18 June - Swellendam follows Graaff Reinet and declares a republic under Hermanus Steyn. The Netherlands is invaded by the French under the leadership of Napoléon Bonaparte. A republic is declared by Dutch revolutionaires and the Prince of Orange flees to England. 16 September – British forces under General Sir James Henry Craig seizes the Cape Colony for the Stadtholder Prince William V of Orange. The republics of Graaff Reinet and Swellendam reject the British and the British army is sent in. The start of free trade was announced.

Historical Event
The Cape becomes a British Colony
March 5, 1797

Source:

Wikipedia

War
Napoleonic Wars
from May 18, 1803 to November 20, 1815

Source:

Wikipedia

Natural disaster
Drought
1809

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: A severe drought occurs in the eastern frontier region.
Town founded
The settlement of Grahamstown is founded
1812

Source:

Wikipedia

Town founded
Cradock is founded
August 27, 1818

Source:

Wikipedia

Historical Event
British settlers
1820

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: 17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapma…

17 March - The first British settlers arrived in Table Bay, Cape Town on the Nautilus and the Chapman. 1 May - The Albury reaches Cape Town bringing settlers to Albany, South Africa. They arrive in Algoa Bay on 15 May. 2 May - La Belle Alliance reached Cape Town. She brought British settlers to Algoa Bay. 4000 British settlers started arriving in Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), they settled in Grahamstown and along the frontier.

Economic Event
British sterling adopted
1825

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Rix dollar (Dutch: Rijsksdaalder) is converted into the British sterling.
Historical Event
Great trek
1835

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Voortrekkers start leaving the Cape Colony.
Town founded
Settlement of Victoria West is established
1844

Source:

Wikipedia

Epidemic
Influenza
from 1857 to 1859

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: In 1857-1859, there was an extremely severe worldwide outbreak of influenza.
War
American Civil War
from April 1861 to May 1865

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues includin…

In the spring of 1861, tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including state's right versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War.

Historical Event
South African Republic
from 1852 to 1902

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Trans…

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.

Historical Event
Orange Free State
from 1854 to 1902

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer…

The Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat, Afrikaans: Oranje-Vrystaat) was an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, and later a British colony and a province of the Union of South Africa. It is the historical precursor to the present-day Free State province.

Economic Event
Economic depression
1865
Source:

Wikipedia

Economic Event
Diamonds discovered
1867
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250…

The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa. It weighed 21.25 carats (4.250 g), and was found by Erasmus Jacobs near Hopetown on the Orange River in 1867. The diamond, cut to a 10.73-carat (2.146 g) cushion-shaped brilliant, is currently on display at the Mine Museum in Kimberley. The discovery of diamonds in South Africa led to the Kimberley Diamond Rush, and marked the beginning of the Mineral Revolution.

Economic Event
Gold discovered
September 1873
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Pilgrim's rest declared a gold field.
War
First Boer War
from December 20, 1880 to March 23, 1881

Source:

Wikipedia

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1881
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamest…

In 1881 gold in the Barberton area was discovered by Tom McLachlan who found alluvial gold at Jamestown. However due to the location (the hot lowveld region was rife with malaria) no-one wanted to go there until Auguste Roberts (French Bob) discovered gold in Concession Creek in 20 June 1883. This discovery resulted in a gold rush to the area.

Economic Event
Gold discovered
1886
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precur…

Discovery of the Main Reef in Witwatersrand. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barberton were precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's farm Langlaagte, Portion C, in 1886, the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the subsequent rapid development of the gold field there, the biggest of them all.

Epidemic
Bubonic plague
February 1, 1901

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Bubonic plague breaks out in Cape Town.
War
Second Boer War
from October 11, 1899 to May 31, 1902

Source:

Wikipedia

Epidemic
Pneumonic plague
February 1904

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Pneumonic plague breaks out in Johannesburg.
Epidemic
Tuberculosis
1906

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Tuberculosis reaches epidemic proportions in South Africa.
Historical Event
Union of South Africa
May 31, 1910

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Union of South Africa established.
Epidemic
Smallpox
1912

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cas…

Smallpox outbreaks: The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg and cases of smallpox are discovered in Durban.

War
World War I
from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918

Source:

Wikipedia

Epidemic
Spanish flu
1918

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit…

An estimated 500,000 people die from the Spanish flu epidemic in South Africa, the fifth hardest hit country in the world.

Prime minister
Louis Botha
from May 31, 1910 to August 27, 1919

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Jan Christiaan Smuts
from September 3, 1919 to June 30, 1924

Source:

Wikipedia

Economic Event
Wall Street Crash
October 1929

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: The Wall Street Crash sets off the Great Depression, the most severe worldwide economic depression i…

The Wall Street Crash sets off the Great Depression, the most severe worldwide economic depression in the 20th century.

Prime minister
James Barry Munnik Hertzog
from June 30, 1924 to September 5, 1939

Source:

Wikipedia

War
World War II
from September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Jan Christiaan Smuts
from September 5, 1939 to June 4, 1948

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Daniel Francois Malan
from June 4, 1948 to November 30, 1954

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom
from November 30, 1954 to August 24, 1958

Source:

Wikipedia

Economic Event
Rand adopted
February 14, 1961
Source:

Wikipedia

Note: Decimalisation of currency replaces the South African pound with the South African rand.
Historical Event
Republic of South Africa
May 31, 1961

Source:

Wikipedia

Note: South Africa becomes a republic.
Prime minister
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd
from September 2, 1958 to September 6, 1966

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Balthazar Johannes Vorster
from September 13, 1966 to October 2, 1978

Source:

Wikipedia

Prime minister
Pieter Willem Botha
from October 9, 1978 to September 14, 1984

Source:

Wikipedia

Executive President
Pieter Willem Botha
from September 14, 1984 to August 15, 1989

Source:

Wikipedia

Executive President (acting)
Jan Christiaan Heunis
from January 19, 1989 to March 15, 1989

Source:

Wikipedia

Historical Event
Nelson Mandela released from prison
February 11, 1990

Source:

Wikipedia

Historical Event
First General Elections
April 27, 1994
Source:

Wikipedia

Executive President
Frederik Willem de Klerk
from August 15, 1989 to May 10, 1994

Source:

Wikipedia

President
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
from May 10, 1994 to June 14, 1999

Source:

Wikipedia

President
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki
from June 14, 1999 to September 24, 2008

Source:

Wikipedia

President
Kgalema Petrus Motlanthe
from September 25, 2008 to May 9, 2009

Source:

Wikipedia

President
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma
from May 9, 2009 to February 14, 2018

Source:

Wikipedia

President
Matamela Cyril* Ramaphosa
from February 15, 2018

Source:

Wikipedia

Epidemic
First covid-19 case in SA
March 5, 2020

Source:

NICD